Back Pain: Causes, Treatment and Prevention

According to the World Health Organization, back pain is one of the most common health problems in the world. It is among the top 10 diseases and injuries that are responsible for years of life for people with disabilities. There is no age limitation to it and can our working life and general well-being.

Luckily, there are some simple techniques that you can use to avoid the most common causes of back pain.

What are the most common causes of back pain?

Our back structure is a complicated system of bones (vertebra column), tendons, muscles and ligaments. These components need to work together to support the body and allow movement. The spine also contains cartilage-like pads called discs. They provide cushioning between the segments of the spine. Problems affecting one of the components of the back can lead to back problems. The most common causes of back problems are:

  1. Physical effort
    If you pick up hefty objects incorrectly or bend yourself repeatedly, the muscles, tendons and ligaments in the back can be stressed. Excessive strain pain can appear quickly, or it can take several months before it appears.
  2. Wound
    It can also be caused by accident. The most peculiar accidents that cause back injuries are road accidents, collisions on the sports field and falls. These injuries can include herniated discs, broken bones and torn ligaments or tendons.
  3. Smoking
    Smokers are at higher risk of diseases of the spine. The vertebrae and intervertebral discs of the spine undergo a slow blood flow, which affects their functionality. This is based on research on this topic. All smokers tend to have a deterioration in bone strength and function, making them more prone to osteoporosis, which is known to cause pain in the back.
    Smoking slows down the healing process, and this only means longer pain sessions, especially if you have back injuries.
  4. Illnesses
    A variety of diseases can cause back pain, including osteoporosis, spine cancer, sleep disturbances, arthritis, and kidney problems. In some cases, these conditions don’t have a cure, so the pain they cause can only be treated.
  5. Broken or curved plates
    The intervertebral discs between the individual vertebrae of the spine can sometimes tear or change shape. In this case, more pressure is exerted on the nerves in the back, which can potentially lead to back problems.
  6. Bad posture
    Bad posture can lead to back pain and even long-term damage.
  7. Occupation
    The type of activity you do in your professional work affects the risk of back pain. Work that involves a lot of pushing, lifting or pulling, such as nurses, construction workers and machine operators, tends to twist and strain the spine, causing it to vibrate occasionally.
    There are other jobs that don’t use heavy objects, but that sit or stand for a long time, such as hairdressers or software development. They are also known to affect the back, especially if you are in the wrong position for long hours.

Treatment and Prevention of Back Pain

1. Seek help in chiropractic

Chiropractic treatment is one of the most efficient ways to relieve back soreness. A chiropractor is a doctor trained to identify and treat musculoskeletal problems in the human body. You can identify the root cause of the pain and suggest treatments that treat it.

Some of the ways a chiropractor can help you avoid the causes of pain are:

  • To ensure that the spine is accurately aligned, the spine and other joints of the body must be aligned. Correcting the alignment of the joints prevents premature wear and can reduce the likelihood of pain.
  • Identifying problems with posture Chiropractors can diagnose and correct postural problems that cause back pain.
  • Diagnosing serious underlying conditions or injuries that cause the pain.
  • Chiropractors can also identify other serious health problems that can cause pain such as broken discs and sciatica.

2. Sleeping on your back

If you sit, walk, run and lift objects all day, the spine can contract. If you are on your back, the spine can recover and reduce the likelihood of back pain. This can in a way help get rid of your sleeping problem.

3. Train more (Fitness)

An exercise that strengthens the core muscles can be very helpful in reducing or avoiding back pain. The core muscles are the muscles of the abdomen and lower back. If these muscles are well developed, they relieve the ligaments and tendons of the back, which can reduce the level of pain. A strong core also reduces the risk of back injuries.

Tai chi and yoga are exercises that focus on the balance of the body and inner strength and help avoid the risk of falls and back injuries. Few people are aware that the muscles around the stomach play an important role in supporting the back and therefore need to be strengthened and you can also make exercise a habit.

4. Get a good pair of shoes.

If you stand for a long time, buy a pair of high-quality shoes that fit your feet well. This ensures that your body has a stable and balanced base that supports legs and back. It helps you avoid back problems associated with stretching of ligaments, muscles or tendons.

5. Diet

They say your health is what you eat. A low-calorie diet leads to a high body weight, which emphasizes the functions of the organs of the body. Obesity is known to cause poor physical condition. Muscles tend to be weak with little elasticity. A good plant-based diet strengthens both muscles and bones.

6. Regular massages

Massages can help relax the back muscles and increase blood flow. This can help you stay flexible and avoid pain related to aching muscles and ligaments.

7. Get diagnosed with medical problems.

If you have unexplained back discomfort, it’s a good idea to consult a doctor. Tests can be performed to check general health and identify any health conditions that may be causing pain. Your doctor can also help you identify health problems before they get worse and cause more pain.

8. Practice good posturing.

You have to stand, sit and move in a good posture so that your body is less stressed. When you are in good posture, the joints are well aligned, which reduces the risk of injury or wear of the joints in the back. This reduces the risk of long-term injuries that cause back pain.

It is important to seek help as soon as you suffer. Doctors are pain therapy specialists who can effectively diagnose the causes of the disease and offer appropriate treatment options for pain. Shingles, neck pain, arthritis, migraine or headache, nerve pain, phantom pain for amputees and cancer pain are some of the pain ailments that these doctors face.

Doctors are able to treat pain associated with a debilitating disease or severe injury due to surgical treatment. Some of the discomforts related to these problems include pain after breast or stomach surgery, pain after knee replacement, pains related to sickle cell anaemia or distress during a recovery process in a car accident. Treatment can be offered in both an in-patient and out-patient setting.

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